Java continues to evolve, introducing features that make developers’ lives easier and code more readable. One such advancement is JEP 394, a feature that significantly enhances the instanceof operator through pattern matching. This addition is very usefull for Java programming, reducing boilerplate code and improving code clarity.

Understanding the Need for JEP 394

Traditionally, checking an object’s type and casting it required a two-step process. This not only added unnecessary lines of code but also made the code less readable. For instance:

if (obj instanceof String) {
    String s = (String) obj;
    // use s

This pattern was repetitive and cumbersome, prompting the need for a more streamlined approach.

Introducing Pattern Matching for instanceof

JEP 394 brings pattern matching to the instanceof operator, allowing developers to check and cast objects in one fell swoop. Here’s how you can leverage this feature:

if (obj instanceof String s) {
    // use s directly here, and it's already a String

Key Benefits of JEP 394

  • Less Boilerplate: Significantly reduces the repetitive code, making your programs shorter and cleaner.
  • Improved Readability: Enhances the clarity of your code, making it easier for others (and future you) to understand at a glance.
  • Scoped Variables: The variable declared in the instanceof check (e.g., s) is scoped to the conditional block, minimizing the risk of errors.


JEP 394’s pattern matching for instanceof is a welcome improvement in Java, streamlining type checking and casting operations. By adopting this feature, developers can write more concise, readable, and safer code. Java’s evolution continues to focus on productivity and simplicity, and JEP 394 is a testament to this commitment.

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